Information and communication technology (ICT) is an extensional term for information technology (IT) that stresses the role of unified communications and the integration of telecommunications (telephone lines and wireless signals), computers as well as necessary enterprise software, middleware, storage, and audiovisual, that enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information.
ICT is a broad subject and can be used in many different ways. In business, ICT is used to increase productivity, to get better customer service, to create new products or services, or to enter new markets. In schools, ICT is used to improve teaching and learning. In health, ICT is used to improve patient care. And in government, ICT is used to improve communication and services to citizens.
There are many different types of ICT, including:
-Computer hardware: This includes the physical components of a computer system, such as the CPU, memory, hard drive, and networking equipment.
-Computer software: This includes the programs and applications that run on a computer system.
-Databases: This is a collection of data that can be accessed by computers.
-Networks: This is a system of computers and other devices that are connected together.
-Telecommunications: This includes the use of phone lines, wireless signals, and other means of communication.
-The Internet: This is a global network of computers that are connected together.